Data loss prevention (DLP) makes sure that users do not send sensitive or critical information outside the corporate network. The term describes software products that help a network administrator control the data that users can transfer. DLP products use business rules to classify and protect confidential and critical information so that unauthorized users cannot accidentally or maliciously share data.
Database security refers to the collective measures used to protect and secure a database or database management software from illegitimate use and malicious cyber threats and attacks. Database security procedures are aimed at protecting not just the data inside the database, but the database management system and all the applications that access it from intrusion, misuse of data, and damage.
Authentication is the process of recognizing a user’s identity. It is the mechanism of associating an incoming request with a set of identifying credentials. The credentials provided are compared to those on a file in a database of the authorized user’s information on a local operating system or within an authentication server.
User identification (user ID) is a logical entity used to identify a user on a software, system, website or within any generic IT environment. It is used within any IT enabled system to identify and distinguish between the users who access or use it.
A cloud access security broker (CASB) is
on-premises or cloud-based software that sits between a cloud service consumer and a cloud service provider. It serves as a tool for enforcing an organization’s security policies through risk identification and regulation compliance whenever its cloud-residing data is accessed.